In Pakistan, the National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC) Islamabad created the NARC G1 Garlic variety. This garlic variety has superior yield and phenotypic traits when compared to other locally cultivated varieties such as Italian garlic, Desi Gulabi, and Chinese garlic, making NARC-G1 a superior candidate for the agricultural and industrial sectors.
NARC G1 Garlic candidates for national and international agricultural benefits have larger bulb sizes, better plant heights, and vigorous compatibility with the harsh environment (Khan et al., 2018). The new NARC-G1 variety is being researched not only for mass production but also for pharmaceutical and therapeutic benefits. The price of NARC G1 Garlic in Pakistan also depends on the size of the bulb. The larger the bulb, the higher will be the price.
Previously, only a few studies looked into the phenotypic traits of NARC-G1. However, the genetic basis for the production and content of phytochemicals in NARC-G1 in comparison to other garlic breeds grown in the region remains unknown. In our novel study, we used HPLC to investigate the presence of the bioactive compound allicin in G1 and other garlic varieties, as well as the elemental profiling of each garlic variety.
What is NARC G1 Garlic? نارک جی ون لہسن
NARC-G1 is a garlic variety known for its large bulbs and high yield. Dr. Humayun Akhtar introduced this new variety of garlic. Pakistan has brought its own variety over the last forty years, which is called Narak G1. It is a unique type of garlic. This year its production has been recorded up to 250 million per acre. Which is the highest production of any type of garlic in Pakistan.
The main advantage of this type of garlic is its long shelf life. If it is stored with the stalk in a well-ventilated and shaded place, it will not spoil for a year. If the farmer stores it well and sells it in winter, the general market rate will also increase significantly.
Garlic is one of the most popular spices used in kitchens around the world. This plant is also used in a number of medicines. Garlic fights many diseases effectively. Strengthens immunity. Prevents the growth of bacteria and infections. If you eat just one clove of garlic a day, you will feel its positive effect after a short period of time. A small portion of garlic contains a large number of amino acids, saponins, vitamins, provitamins, and mineral salts, which replace many drugs taken from the pharmacy.
NARC G1 Garlic Seed Price in Pakistan Today 2023
As of 2023, the price of NARC G1 garlic in Pakistan varies depending on the region and the season. The average price of NARC G1 garlic ranges from Rs. 1800 to Rs. 2000 per kilogram. These prices are slightly higher than the prices of other varieties of garlic in the country, but the quality of NARC G1 garlic justifies the higher price point.
|NARC G1 Garlic||Minimum Prices||Average Prices|
|Fresh (Wet)||RS. 1800||RS. 2000|
|Dried Garlic||RS. 3000||RS. 5000|
But keep in mind that the prices may vary according to the location of the farm.
Availability of NARC G1 Garlic in Pakistan
NARC G1 garlic is available in all the major cities in Pakistan, including Lahore, Karachi, Islamabad, and Rawalpindi. However, the availability of NARC G1 garlic can be affected by the season, as the garlic is typically harvested in late spring and early summer. Keep in mind that demand for NARC G1 garlic can be high, and placing an order as early as possible in order to guarantee availability may be necessary.
Best Climate for NARC G1
Garlic is a seasonal crop. At the time of sowing, it needs cool weather i.e. low degree of heat (25-30). While it requires warm or pleasant weather for the bulb formation and ripening of the crop. NARC G1 garlic is designed to grow well in Pakistan’s climate and soil. It does best in temperate or subtropical temperatures with sufficient rainfall. To ensure a successful crop, plant NARC G1 in the fall to give its roots enough time to grow before winter.
For optimal growth, NARC G1 garlic needs well-draining and fertile soil with a pH range between 6.5 to 7.5. NARC G1 garlic needs lots of organic matter and enough nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to grow well. Water retention is crucial, as consistent irrigation is needed throughout the growth period.
However, other factors can impede garlic production, such as sunlight exposure, fertilizers, pesticides and harvest methods. NARC G1 garlic is a hardy and adaptable crop that can thrive under diverse conditions.
By creating the best-growing conditions and following the best cultivation practices, farmers in Pakistan can maximize the yield and quality of NARC G1 garlic. This will contribute to the success of Pakistan’s flourishing garlic industry.
Land and its preparation
A fertile and well-drained mine land is most suitable. First of all, plow the soil and then level the soil with laser leveling. Now turn and check the level so that drainage can be made easier in the future. One month before sowing, i.e. in the second or third week of August, 8-10 trolleys of rotted dung manure should be mixed well with a chisel and pressed down on the dung particles so that it decomposes further and turns into natural manure. Before sowing, add phosphorus and potash and run the cultivator 2-3 times, break the soil well, and smooth it with manure. After that make ridges or beds.
Garlic is an early rabi crop that can be cultivated from mid-September to the entire month of October. 25-30 degrees centigrade is the ideal temperature for good germination.
- Narc- HG1
- Garlic pink
- China white
Per Acre Seed Rate
Medium to large-sized cloves should be used as seeds to get a good yield. The amount of seed depends on the number and weight of pods per cluster. While per acre can change (more or less) with row-to-row and plant-to-plant distance.
A careful estimate of the main types of garlic seed is given below.
|NARC -HG1||800 KG|
|China white||600 KG|
|Pink garlic||240 KG|
Cultivation Method for NARC G1 Garlic
Garlic pods are usually cultivated on ridges. While you can also cultivate it on flat ground or beds. Generally, the ridges are placed in the east-west direction so that the passage of sunlight is better.
To get a good yield, you need between 80000 and 100000 plants per acre. Above the ridge of the plants then zigzag on both sides while on the bed in 3-5 rows where the distance from row to row is 10-12 inches while the distance from the plant to plant will be 6-8 inches.
Keep the distance between bed to bed at least 16-18 inches for the tractor to pass. Press the seeds 1 to 2 inches deep. While the blunt end should be downwards and the pointed end should be upwards. Then put a little soil on it and water it.
The first water should be given four hours after planting the garlic, i.e. within 24 hours. In the first month, the crop should be watered at intervals of 10-15 days. In the next 2 months i.e. December and January, the period of water will be 15-20 days. If the weather is cold or rainy, the interval may be longer.
In the last 6-8 weeks i.e. in March/April, the growth of the buds is taking place, then water should be given as per requirement. There is a risk of mildew on the bales when there is excessive water or rain. In common parlance, garlic is called a water-hating crop. So apply water but it should be done with caution.
Take 1-2 tons of wheat straw or rice straw and apply a layer of 1-2 inches. Mulching will help control weeds as well as increase soil fertility.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Several people have asked questions regarding this garlic variety, so I have listed them below.